Gulf country Qatar has invested over 400 billion dollars abroad through the Qatar Investment Authority, which it established to manage the country’s oil and natural gas revenues.
Qatar, rich in liquefied natural gas (LNG), has invested more than $400 billion in more than 40 countries and is among the shareholders of many well-known world brands.
The Qatar Investment Authority (QIA), which is behind Qatar’s investments and acquisitions abroad, signed an agreement for the transfer of 10 percent of Borsa Istanbul’s shares, bringing the investments of this country to the agenda again.
According to the information compiled by Business Advice News correspondent, Qatar, whose main source of income is natural gas, is among the shareholders of many well-known world brands. It is calculated that the value of Qatar’s investments in more than 40 countries is more than $400 billion with the recent rise in the stock markets.
Established in 2005 to manage the country’s oil and natural gas revenues and to strengthen the country’s economy by diversifying it, it is noteworthy that most of the investments made abroad are in strategic sectors and in long-term. QIA has investments in various fields such as infrastructure, retail, healthcare, banking, automotive, sports, investment banking, real estate and construction, tourism, agriculture, raw materials and commerce.
Being one of the richest countries in the world, Qatar draws attention with its investments in real estate, luxury brands and football clubs, especially in Europe.
According to the National Wealth Fund Institute (SWFI), QIA is the 11th largest national wealth fund in the world.
On the other hand, while other Gulf countries focus more on their own countries for investments, Qatar stands out as the country that makes the most investments abroad among the countries in the region.
According to the data of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB), Qatar, the country with the third largest gas reserves in the world, draws attention with its smaller population.
Qatar, which has a population of 2 million 832 thousand, ranked first among countries with approximately 97 thousand dollars in per capita national income according to purchasing power parity (PPP), despite the low levels of gas and oil prices.
In the first place in the investment portfolio of them; Germany, England, France, USA, China, Russia, Australia and Turkey are taking place.
Qatar Investment Authority, location, strong banking system, due to the demographic structure supporting growth that takes the focus in recent years in Turkey, particularly in finance, media, investing in energy and real estate.
Qatar’s investment portfolio according to countries and regions is shaped as follows:
QIA is also the direct owner or partner of many organizations in its country.
The authority draws attention as the largest investor in Hamad International Airport in Doha, the capital of Qatar, Qatar Airways, Qatar stock exchange, Qatar National Bank SAQ and telecom operator Ooredoo QSC.
While Europe has long been noted as one of the most important destinations for Qatar’s investments, QIA has invested billions of euros in automobile, real estate, technology, finance, health and fashion companies and football clubs on the continent.
In Germany, which has the largest economy in Europe, Qatar has invested more than 20 billion Euros in companies such as Volkswagen, Deutsche Bank, Siemens, Hochtief and SolarWorld in the last 30 years.
Preparing to host the 2022 World Cup, Siemens, Deutsche Bahn and many international German companies are carrying out infrastructure projects in Qatar.
QIA, which invested billions of dollars in Barclays Plc and Credit Suisse Group AG during the 2008 financial crisis, also became a shareholder of the German bank in 2014 to support the capital of Deutsche Bank AG.
QIA’s subsidiary Qatar Holding is also among the largest shareholders in German automaker Volkswagen AG, with a 14.6 percent share.
In 2011, QIA bought Paris Saint Germain, one of France’s long-established teams, and invested millions of euros in the team, including the transfer of David Beckham. QIA also acquired Italian luxury brand Valentino Fashion Group SpA for about 700 million euros through an investment company called Mayhoola for Investments SPC.
It is calculated that Qatar, which is mostly directed to Western European countries in terms of investment, has more than 40 billion pounds of investment in England. These include the HSBC tower, one of the most famous places in London, the Shard Skyscraper, the Olympic Village, the Harrods store, the Savoy Hotel and its shares in the Canary Wharf region, where the financial sector is located.
Qatar’s investments in the UK are not limited to real estate. QIA owns 22 percent of Sainsbury, one of the country’s major supermarket chains, and 20 percent of London Heathrow airport. Qatar Airways also holds 20 percent of IAG SA, which owns British Airways.
QAI stands out among the largest shareholders with 10.3 percent on the London Stock Exchange (LSE). LSE recently acquired Refinitiv, a New York-based financial market data provider, for $27 billion.
QIA bought 18.93 percent of the shares of Russia’s largest oil producer “Rosneft” for 11 billion dollars, while St. Petersburg Airport by acquiring approximately 25 percent of its shares in 2018.
The Qatar Investment Authority opened an office in New York in 2015 to diversify its investments in this country as well. While investing in many real estate properties, especially offices in New York and Los Angeles, the owner of the Empire State Building acquired about 10 percent of the Empire State Realty Trust Inc.
QIA has developed an approximately $9 billion worth of real estate project in New York with Brookfield Property Partners LP.
Authority has shares in real estate and technology companies in Asian countries, especially in Singapore.
A total of 55 billion dollars investment target in the US and Asian markets
Qatar Investment Authority tends to diversify the markets, especially in countries that have been successful.
In the 5-year Asian and US market investment strategy announced in 2016, QIA planned to invest approximately 35 billion dollars in the US market, while it aimed to invest approximately 20 billion dollars in Asian markets, especially in the Indian and Southeast Asian markets.
Qatar had an investment plan of approximately 10 billion dollars for the Chinese market, where it sells the most gas.
Qatar co-Sharq Newspaper of the continent and some countries in which it invests in Doha, according to information published include: “Portugal in Europe, Spain, France, England, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Ukraine, Turkey, Greece, Brazil, Argentina Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco in North Africa; Kenya, Sudan, Uganda in South Africa; Syria, Lebanon in the Middle East; China, Tajikistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia in Asia , Philippines, Russia; USA in North America and Australia in Oceania.”